alpha.centrality {igraph}R Documentation

Find Bonacich alpha centrality scores of network positions

Description

alpha.centrality calculates the alpha centrality of some (or all) vertices in a graph.

Usage

alpha.centrality(graph, nodes=V(graph), alpha=1, loops=FALSE,
                 exo=1, weights=NULL, tol=1e-7, sparse=TRUE)

Arguments

graph

The input graph, can be directed or undirected

nodes

Vertex sequence, the vertices for which the alpha centrality values are returned. (For technical reasons they will be calculated for all vertices, anyway.)

alpha

Parameter specifying the relative importance of endogenous versus exogenous factors in the determination of centrality. See details below.

loops

Whether to eliminate loop edges from the graph before the calculation.

exo

The exogenous factors, in most cases this is either a constant – the same factor for every node, or a vector giving the factor for every vertex. Note that too long vectors will be truncated and too short vectors will be replicated to match the number of vertices.

weights

A character scalar that gives the name of the edge attribute to use in the adjacency matrix. If it is NULL, then the ‘weight’ edge attribute of the graph is used, if there is one. Otherwise, or if it is NA, then the calculation uses the standard adjacency matrix.

tol

Tolerance for near-singularities during matrix inversion, see solve.

sparse

Logical scalar, whether to use sparse matrices for the calculation. The ‘Matrix’ package is required for sparse matrix support

Details

The alpha centrality measure can be considered as a generalization of eigenvector centerality to directed graphs. It was proposed by Bonacich in 2001 (see reference below).

The alpha centrality of the vertices in a graph is defined as the solution of the following matrix equation:

x=alpha t(A)x+e,

where A is the (not neccessarily symmetric) adjacency matrix of the graph, e is the vector of exogenous sources of status of the vertices and alpha is the relative importance of the endogenous versus exogenous factors.

Value

A numeric vector contaning the centrality scores for the selected vertices.

Warning

Singular adjacency matrices cause problems for this algorithm, the routine may fail is certain cases.

Author(s)

Gabor Csardi csardi.gabor@gmail.com

References

Bonacich, P. and Paulette, L. (2001). “Eigenvector-like measures of centrality for asymmetric relations” Social Networks, 23, 191-201.

See Also

evcent and bonpow

Examples

# The examples from Bonacich's paper
g.1 <- graph( c(1,3,2,3,3,4,4,5) )
g.2 <- graph( c(2,1,3,1,4,1,5,1) )
g.3 <- graph( c(1,2,2,3,3,4,4,1,5,1) )
alpha.centrality(g.1)
alpha.centrality(g.2)
alpha.centrality(g.3,alpha=0.5)

[Package igraph version 0.6.5-1 Index]